An Introductory Model To Systems Thinking

Systems thinking is the way to manage the organization in a manner that peeks at the bigger connections and the picture that runs through the business.

Systems thinking enables the creation of solutions that solve not only the immediate problems but also assist in operating a more productive workplace.

This kind of thinking is rising in popularity and it is for a good reason. Hence, if you want to have an idea of systems thinking, then here is a preface to it.

Systems Thinking: Definition

The theory of a field of systems has been claimed to be the breakthrough to enable one to figure out the workings of a company.

This theory proceeds towards systems as the whole system, including their subsystems and patterns and the relationships between those subsystems.

This systems theory paved the route to understanding the change organizations in a better way.

System analysis is an implementation of systems theory. Systems thinking is the major means of system analysis. It was derived in 1956 by Professor Jay Forrester when he commenced MIT’s Sloan School of Management’s Systems Dynamic Group.

Systems thinking is the tool that helps an individual to move toward systems from a wide standpoint and view the all-around cycles, patterns, and structures in the systems rather than focusing only on a specific or singular event in a system.

Taking on such a broad perspective, lets you more quickly and easily pinpoint the actual causes of problems in your enterprise thus letting you recognize just where you are required to put your effort to manage them.

Systems thinking comprises various principles and tools for analyzing and modifying systems.

Six key elements in Systems Thinking

A few multiple themes and elements make up the system mindset. Before explaining systems thinking in particular, it is helpful to figure out the six main elements involved.

These themes entangle systems mapping, interconnectedness, emergence, casualty, feedback loops, and synthesis.

Let’s try to understand one by one;

1. Systems Mapping: It is the main tool that has to be adopted while approaching this sort of thinking.

The main aim is to recognize and then plot the elements of specific things within the system spotlighting how they interconnect and relate in the complex system.

System mapping helps describe unique insights. Later these insights could be utilized in turn to formulate policies, shifts, decisions, etc that will efficiently alter your enterprise’s systems.

You can adopt various ways to map relying on what works best for you along with your team and also your company.

2. Emergence: When you speak about emergence from the perspective of systems, you are referring to the natural impact of things arriving together.

Therefore, emergence is used often to illustrate the consequence of things that are interacting together and also the synergies of the parts.

3. Interconnectedness: This thinking type needs you to move away from the linear mindset to the circular mindset. It is because you follow the precept that everything is interrelated.

It’s true when it comes to the universe, everything requires something else to hold up. These things are a complex collection of things often, as is the circumstance of your organization.

4. Systems Thinking Vs Synthesis: Synthesis is generally the process in which two or more entities combine to form something new.

Your objective with a systems viewpoint has to be synthesis instead of analysis. This analysis is the seizing up of complexity into manageable components.

Synthesis concerns understanding the whole and its parts all at once. This is vital considering systems are dynamic generally and usually not complex.

It also concerns considering the connections and relationships between the parts including what will bring in the dynamic of an enterprise as a whole.

5. Feedback loops: Contemplating that all the aspects and everything are related, there is a consistent feedback loop between all the individual components of the system.

If you want to be capable of working with these feedback loops and possessing the capacity to observe, figure out, and intervene then you are required to understand the dynamics and type of the loops properly.

Feedback loops are of two types:

  • Reinforcing feedback loops
  • Balancing feedback loops

A reinforcing feedback loop is when elements in the system reinforce the exact one. Hence, the abundance of the single element resumes to refine itself. So, this loop type is not good as it can cause the taking over of a single element.

Balancing feedback loops are good and implicate elements balancing out each other within the system.

6. Casualty: Causality is easy to understand when you understand the feedback loops. It is a phenomenon of the things which impact other things when looked into the dynamic and often evolving systems.

Causality is the cause and the effect which is predominant in multiple professions and also in this world.

When causality in systems is considered you imply how to interpret how things impact each other within the system.

It is vital to understand causality as it helps in gaining a view of feedback loops, connections, relationships, and agency. These all are vital for system mapping.

All these concepts are vital for you to understand systems thinking and analysis. They help you in thinking more diversely and creatively which in turn directs to more positive outputs for your organization.

Systems Thinking in the Management

If you take up this approach in operations and management, then it aids your team and you in making the right business analysis that is beneficial for those who are involved.

A decision with an entire system in the mind is developed differently with a wider perspective and concern in contemplation.

With the systematic outcomes in your mind, you would examine each decision you need to take for your business that the decision could have on other individuals and variables.

For instance, if you consider buying new equipment then you will not only consider the equipment that you are buying but also the changes in infrastructure that might be needed, employee training needed, and also delays in business that installation might cost. All these elements contribute to the decision of the business.

When such thinking is applied by you to the management you are assuring that one considers enterprise basically as a bunch of interrelated and dynamic parts. You can consider the company’s departments as these subsystems which are the parts of your organization.

This method aims to sidestep or at least reduce the waste of time, money, and other resources that are valuable and could be utilized more efficiently otherwise.

Your sub-systems should have continuous interactions that are effective so that they can reach the objectives of your organization. It is this way these sub-systems operate together which makes the entire system and your whole company function effectively.

By embracing this approach and sort of thinking you are considering how the current or future actions will have an influence on your company as a whole.

The system perspective helps your company to operate in the social environment, promote business goals, and frame policies all more successfully and effectively.

When should we use Systems Thinking?

Systems thinking and analysis are used in diverse ways and can give plenty of advantages to your organization and company as a whole. Let’s discuss this in detail below.

Yet, certain situations might get more benefit from this approach and are perfect to enforce this method.

This thinking intervention type is ideal for issues or problems that are vital and constant rather than simply a one-off event.

Adopting this strategy for problems may also benefit you as it acts as a newfound ability for your team to resolve problems.

This can also benefit in solving issues that are familiar and hence could be addressed easily.

Again, you must note that the route of implementing this method is up to you entirely and you can use it in a manner that helps your company as a whole.

The major benefits of Systems Thinking

Why should you embrace system thinking and analysis?

Below are some benefits:

  • You can make the workplace in your organization more efficient by adopting this method to systems. Also, as mentioned above this approach minimizes wasted time, resources, and money. All of these are of great advantage to you as well as your organization as a whole.
  • Understanding how your employees interact and your company carry out work as an entire system gives you the insight to help optimize the processes making the work more productive and efficient in the long term.
  • Knowing the system entirely can help in bringing the right changes. This will bring benefits to everyone and not only to a single department.
  • Taking one step back by adopting a holistic perspective also helps in solving issues in such a way that helps to achieve the goals of the organization rather than just solutions for the short term.

These are the few things you gain by adopting a systems method for your organization and your management.


Whether small or large, all organizations involve complex systems and relations that share the common goals of the organization.

To perceive long-term solutions and enhance overall efficiency and productivity, a picture of interconnected dynamics and also the systems as an entirety will be beneficial. This leads to a great way of conducting business.

We hope that this guide will provide you with the knowledge and motivation you require to incorporate this technique into your company to get the best outcomes for you and also your teams.